सोमवार, 7 दिसंबर 2020

Cloud Computing Kya hai | What is Cloud Computing in Hindi?

Cloud Computing Kya hai

Cloud Computing in Hindi:- Aaj ke post me hum apko batayange cloud computing bare me.


    What is Cloud Computing in Hindi? क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग क्या है?

    Agar aap bhee cloud computing ke baare mein nahin jaanate ho to aap un 95% logo me se ho jo cloud services ka jaane anajaane me istemaal kar rahe hai | yaanee kee jo bhee online banking, social network jaise (Facebook, Youtube, Google app) ye sabkuch cloud computing ka ek udahaaran hai.

    Ye internet par aadhaarit computing service hai jismein computer/laptop and device ke demand par data aur resource share kie jaate hain.

    Cloud computing me cloud ka arth badal he jisme alag tarah ke hardware aur software set he. Jo internet ke madhyam se online service ke roop me up upayogakarta ko computing ke kahi pahaluon ko vitarit (Delivered) karne ke liye saamoohik roop se kaam karate hai.
    Network aur internet ke madhyam se hardware aur software ka istemaal karke service deliver Karne ko hee cloud computing kahate hai |
    Aasan shabdon me kahoo to cloud computing ka istemaal Karna yaani kee apne file ko aise jagah save Karna jo aapkee local hard drive nahi hai.

    Udaaharan kee taur par Google ka Gmail jiske madhyam se Gmail upayogakarta kisee bhee device se internet ka istemaal karke Google par host kee gayee file aur Application tak pahunch sakte hain.


    Types of Cloud Computing in Hindi? क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग के प्रकार?

    Alag alag tarah ke access aur security ke liye cloud computing ke 4 types hai. Apne data ko cloud me bhejne ke pahale aap ko yah jaankaree honee chaahie kee aapke data aur vyavasaay ke liye kaun sa modal sabase behatar hai.

    Types of Cloud Computing (क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग के प्रकार) :-

    What is Cloud Computing in Hindi
    1) Private Cloud:- yah sabse secure cloud service hai kyonki yah vah jagah hai Jaha par services aur Infrastructure ko maintain aur Manage, sirf apke jariye ya teesre paksha ke jariye kiye jaata hai.

    Yah cloud service ka istemaal visheshata kisee private business organization ke liye kiya jaata hai.

    Aasaan shabdon me kahoo to jab koee company apna IT Infrastructure iss prakaar ke cloud aadhaarit kar deta hai to iska istemaal sirf us company ke log hee kar paenge aur koee baaharee iska istemaal nahin kar sakega jo ise secure bana deta hai | yah sab se mahengee cloud computing service hai.

    2) Public Cloud (पब्लिक क्लाउड) :- Ye private cloud service ke mukaabale kam secure hotee hai | iska istemaal har koee kar sakta hai aur iss par user ka koee control nahin hota hai.

    Yah ek standard cloud computing modal hai | jo har ek ke liye upalabdh hai | yah suvidha free bhee ho saktee hai aur kahee baar aapako apane istemaal ke hisaab se paise bhee dene padate hai.

    Public clod service me sara  Infrastructure, subidha karne bale company ka hota he.

    Udharana ki tor par Google aur microsoft dono ka khus ka cloud Infrastructure he aur fir iska access public dete hai.
     
    3) Community Cloud (कम्युनिटी क्लाउड) :-Iss prakar cloud computing ki istemaal group member ke liye kiya jata hai. 

    Yani ki uss group ke member hi uss organization site ko data ka istemaal kar sakte he aur koi anya bekti iska istemaal nahi kar sakta he.

    4) Hybrid Cloud (हाइब्रिड क्लाउड):- Isme do se adhika cloud computing ka istemaal kiya jata hai. Yani ki hybrid cloud ye public aur private cloud ka mishrana hai.

    Aasaan shabdon mein kahu to iss prakar ke site par kuch data public ke liye open reheta hai aur kuch data private register user ke liye upalabdh raheta hai |
    What is Cloud Computing in Hindi

    How cloud computing works in hindi? क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग कैसे काम करता है?

    Abhi tak humne jana What is Cloud Computing in Hindi? क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग क्या है? Aur Types of Cloud Computing? क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग के प्रकार | To ab hum jan lete he kee cloud computing kam kaise karta hai?

    3 mukhya prakar ke Cloud Computing Service Models hai ,Jinmhe aamtor par jana jata hai aur aap apke  vyaapaar ke anusaar inn tino me se kisee service model ya tinee ke mishrana ka istemaal kar sakt hai jaise:- 

    1) SaaS – Software as a Service:- Ye cloud computing model chote vyapaaro ke liye sabse saamany hai | is prakaar ke model me apane computer ya server par store traditional application ke bajaaye aap browser ka istemaal karake internet par store software application ko access kar sakate hai.

    Aasaan shabdon me kahu to yah ek software service distribution model hai jisme application ko service provider ya vendor ke maadhyam se host kiya jaata hai aur ye interanet par user ke liye upalabdh karaya jaata hai.

    Aaj ke samaya me yah sabse lokpriya service deliver model hai jo SOA (Service Oriented Architecture) aur web service ka support karta hai.

    2) PaaS – Platform as a Service:-  Yah ek aisa cloud besh environment hai jiska istemaal application ko develop ,test,run aur manage karane ke liye kiya jaata hai.

    Isaka access user kahee se bhee internet ke maadhyam se kar sakta hai | iss services mein web server, dev tool, execution runtime aur online databse shaamil hain. iska drshtikon buniyaadee impfastructure ko khareedane, nirmaan karane ya use manage karane mein honee vaalee jateelata ke bina, apkee jaroorat ke anusaar developement environment dena hain.

    phalasvaroop, aap first kaam kar sakate hain aur application ko jal‍dee realese kar sakate hain| udaaharan ke liye, aapne apanee khud kee e-commerce website develop kee hain, lekin shoppinng cart, chekout aur payment mechanism yah sabhee marchant ke server par run ho rahe hain|

    3) Iaas – Infrastructure as a Service:-  yah servers on-demand IT Infrastructure ka access detee hain| isame s‍torage, network aur computer shaamil hai jo aapke workload ko run karate hai|

    ek businessman user ke roop me aap IT services ke liye anurodh kar sakate hain, aur keval vaheen services ka bhugataan karen jin‍he aap use kar rahe hain.


    History of Cloud Computing in Hindi? क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग का इतिहास ?

    Cloud computing ke aane se pehale, client / server computing thee jo mool roop se ek saamaany storage hai jisamein sabhee software application , sabhee data niyantran server site par rahate the.

    Yadi koee upayogakarta vishisht data access karna chaahata tha ya koee program chalaana chaahata tha , to ushe server se connect karane aur uske baad uchit pahunch praapt karane kee aavashyakata hotee thee , aur phir vah apana vyavasaay kar sakata tha .

    Iske baad, distributed computing aaya, jahna sabhee computer ko ek saath network kiya jaata tha aur jaroorat padane par apane sansodhan ko saajha karate the. upayukt computing ke aadhaar par,cloud computing avadhaaranaon ka uday hua jo baad mein laagoo hua.

    Lagbhag 1961 mein, जॉन मैकचार्टी ne MIT ke ek bhasana me sujab diya ki computing ko pani ya bijili taraha hi utility ke roop me bechha sakta he.

    Yah ek sandaar bichara thaa. lekin sabhi sandaar bicharoo ki taraha, yah bhee apne samaya ke age ki soch thee, agle kuch darshak thee, model me ruchi ke babjud, iske liye koi bhee technic tayar nahi thee. 

    Lekin kuch saal ke baad samaya ke sathh iss technic ko anjam diya geya.

    1999 mein, Salesforce.com ne ek sadharana website ka upoyog karke upyogkarta ko application bitarit karna suru kiya. Application ko internet par enterprise par bitarit kiya geya thaa, aur iss taraha computing lo utility ke roop me selling kiya geya thaa.

    2002 mein, Amazon ne Storage, Computation aur yahna tak ki human Intelligence jaise sebayne pradan karte hue Amazon Web Services ki suruyat kee। Halaki, kebala 2006 mein Elastic Compute Cloud ke lunch ke sathh suru hua, Jo bastab me sabhi ke liye khuli ek commercial sava thee.

    2009 main, Google Apps ne cloud computing enterprise application pradan karna shuru kiya.

    Besak, sabhi bade khiladi cloud computing bikas mein majud he, kuch pahale thaa, kuch baad me aaya.

    2009 mein, Microsoft ne Windows Azure lunch kiya , aur iske baad Oracle aur HP jaise sabhi badee company iss khel samil ho geye.

    Yah sabit karta he aaj, cloud computing demand ho geya hai.

    Benefits of Cloud Computing in Hindi? क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग के लाभ?

    Kam paise me cloud computing ke adhik faide hai. Isiliye kafi saare business organization istemaal karte je aur apne abasyakata ke anusar pasie chukate hai.

    Agar app bhee cloud computing ka istemaal krte ho to iske kahi saare profit hai. To chaliye agee hum क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग ke benefits ke baree me janange.
    • Cloud computing ke madad se app kahi bhi kisi bhi samaya cloud par save kiya hua document ko khol sakte hai.
    • Iske sabse mukhya bisesata yah he kee app kahi bhi kisi bhi mobile, tablet aur computer par ishe ek sathh istemaal kar sakte hai.
    • Iska istemaal karna kafee ashan hai aur yah bilkul apke computer windows explorer kee hi nazar aata hai.
    • Agar apne apke mobile ka data jaise contact adi cloud me save kar diya to apka mobile format hone par bhee dubara app apke data ko hasil kar paoge.
    • App cloud mein apni file ko bhee asani se edit kar sakte ho.
    • Cloud service ko istemaal karne ke liye apko alag se koi hardrive ki jarurat nahi padti hai. bahut saree sarvice provider ishe free me apko istemaal karne dete hai. Jaise Google cloud me apko 15 gb tk ka storage free me diya jata hai.

    Disadvantages of cloud computing in hindi | क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग के नुकसान?

    Jaise kee apne upar cloud computing ke labh to dekh liye, lekin iske kuch kuch nukshan (disadvantages) bhee hai jiske bame me apko jankari hona jaruri hai. To chaliye ab hum cloud computing ke nukshaan ke bareme jan lete hai.
    • Iske sab se bada nukshaan yah he kee apka data koi bhee apke permission bina access kar sakta hai.
    • App jante hai ho kee internet bilkul bhee secure nahi hai yani kee apke data par kabhi bhee Cyber Attack ho sakta hai.
    • Cloud ka data management karna kathin kam hai.
    • jaise kee app jante ho cloud computing puri taraha internet connectivity par depand he. Yani ki jab apka internet connectvity chala jayega tab apka kam wohi ruk jayega. yah bhee colud computing ka sabse bad anukshaan hai.

    Example of Cloud Computing in Hindi? क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग के उदाहरण?

    Niche bataye gaye (Examples of Cloud Computing) ke siries cloud computing ko aur bhee asani se samajh jooge. Chaliye jan lete hai iske bareme.
    • Google Apps cloud computing sabse behatarin udhaharan hai jo business application ko uplabdh karata he aur Web Browser ke madhyam se cloud computing tak pahnuchaya ja skata hai. Yani kee jo software apne computer aur laptop mein aaj tak install karte thee unme se kafi sare software ab apko web service ke madhyam se mili jayenge.
    • Digital photograph ko host karne wali (Picasa) aur (Flickr) ya business field mein istemaal kee jane wali Hubspot, SalesForce, Adobe Marketing Cloud bhee cloud computing ka udaharana hai.

    Conclusion:

    Umid hai hume iss post mein apko What is Cloud Computing in Hindi | क्लाउड कंप्यूटिंग क्या है ke bareme jankari mil geyi hogi| Agar fir bhee apke mann me koi sawal hai Cloud Computing ko lekar to jaruri comment kare.

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